Monitoring Databricks Structured Streaming Queries in Datadog

Fri Apr 29 2022

Pablo Beltran

Software Engineer

At Statsig, we recently transitioned to using structured streaming for our ETL.

As the number of streaming queries grew, we wanted a centralized place where we could quickly view a snapshot of all our pipelines.

What we want to monitor

When it comes to monitoring our queries, we are primarily interested in answering three questions:

  1. What is the input rate?

  2. What is the processing rate?

  3. What is the age of the freshest data being processed?

Pre-existing Structured Streaming UI

Structured Streaming queries on Databricks already come with a UI attached to them when they are started, which helps monitor the input rate and processing rate (#1 and #2) at the job level:

structured streaming databricks UI

These graphs help look at the performance of a specific job, but when you have a lot of queries, it is not practical to individually check each one. Additionally, this UI does not answer question number three: What is the age of the freshest data being processed?

Setting up the Datadog Agent

Before monitoring the query, we first need to install the Datadog Agent on the cluster. You can follow the ‘Driver only’ instructions on the Datadog Databricks integration guide. Before running the script provided by Datadog, you need to modify it to set‘enable_query_name_tag’ to true. This is placed under ‘instances’ like this:

instances: - spark_url: http://\$DB_DRIVER_IP:\$DB_DRIVER_PORT spark_cluster_mode: spark_standalone_mode cluster_name: ${hostip} streaming_metrics: true enable_query_name_tag: true <----

This will tag your metrics with the QueryName you provide, allowing you to view them individually even if there is more than one query per cluster. You also need to enable dogstatsd by adding the following two lines to the script:

Enable dogstatsd echo "use_dogstatsd: true" >> /etc/datadog-agent/datadog.yaml echo "dogstatsd_port: 8125" >> /etc/datadog-agent/datadog.yaml

Running the Datadog agent on your cluster

To run the Datadog agent on your cluster, you need to have the install script you generated run as an init script as well as enable streaming metrics and pass in your Datadog API key:

set install script to run at startup
running the datadog agent on your cluster

Setting up the query for monitoring

In order to select a specific query when making a dashboard, we need to provide a QueryName for the query to use. This can be done when writing the query:

.writeStream .queryName(query_name) <--- .outputMode("append") .format("delta") .option("checkpointLocation", checkpoint) .toTable(tablename)

Checking the data freshness

Input rate and processing rate are automatically tracked for you. However, if you want to know your data freshness, you need to track it using foreachBatch. First, you need to pip install datadog. Then you can track the freshness like this:

from datadog import statsd .writeStream .queryName(query_name) <--- .format("delta") .option("checkpointLocation", checkpoint) .toTable(tablename)def record_freshness(df, epoch_id): timestamp = df.limit(1).collect()[0]['enqueued_time'] freshness = ( - timestamp).total_seconds() statsd.gauge( 'streaming.freshness_seconds', freshness, tags=['query_name:'+query_name] )

( query .writeStream .queryName(query_name) .outputMode("append") .foreachBatch(record_freshness) .format("delta") .option("checkpointLocation", checkpoint) .start() )

If your query does not use ‘foreachBatch’, you can create a second query that reads the updates from your first query and records metrics:

spark.readStream .option('startingVersion', 'latest') .format("delta") .table(tablename) .select("event_time") .writeStream .foreachBatch(update_freshness) .start()

Creating the dashboard

Now that we have all the metrics we care about being tracked, we can build a dashboard on Datadog. We can track all of these metrics using time-series graphs. Here is a quick guide on setting up a graph.

Final Results

This is what the dashboard could look like when all the charts are set up:

completed datadog dashboard with charts

You can quickly swap to a different $query_name to view graphs for different queries. These dashboards will allow you to ensure that your queries are keeping up with incoming data and track how changes are affecting performance.

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